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The building blocks of a better supply chain

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Blockchain, typically associated with financial services and volatile cryptocurrencies such as bitcoin, is now being touted as the next big thing in disruptive enterprise technology. Simply put, blockchain is a distributed database that exists on multiple computers at the same time. With each new transaction, a block is added with a timestamp and a link to the previous block, and then shared with all the computers in the network. The system is highly resistant to tampering, as there are multiple copies of the same data on the network.

Enterprises are currently exploring how the technology can help them increase transparency, potentially save on costs, and speed up business processes. Forbes recently released its first ever Blockchain 50, identifying billion dollar companies that are currently actively exploring using blockchain technology. While there were a number of financial organisations in the list, a range of industries and sectors were represented, with heavyweight names including Amazon, IBM, BP, HTC, Nestle, Microsoft and Walmart.

Optimising the supply chain

Although the technology is far from mature, one area where it’s already having a concrete impact is in manufacturing and the supply chain. A recent survey by Capgemini Research Institute found that more than half of organisations were currently experimenting with or implementing blockchain to improve manufacturing and the supply chain. The technology can provide manufacturers, shipping and logistics companies with a secure, paperless solution for tracking products through every stage of their lifecycle, offering organisations greater operational transparency and control.

Blockchain can be used to enable organisations to track a product efficiently and securely, as it passes through multiple stages and even locations, over several months. This detailed audit trail introduces the potential of huge cost and time savings by making several processes transparent and paperless. This includes releasing products through customs, tracking fresh produce to identify the source of contamination, and even tracing the movements of highly valuable and sensitive items.

Going beyond the hypothetical

Many companies are already using blockchain technology to enhance their supply chains. CargoX, an independent supplier of blockchain-based smart bill of lading (B/L) solutions, is one such example. The company provides a way to process B/Ls anywhere in the world. Based on the Ethereum network, their platform dramatically reduces B/L processing time from 5-10 days to just 20 seconds, by simply eliminating cumbersome, inefficient manual processes.

FedEx recently incorporated blockchain technology to track high-value cargo, with plans o expand the solution to eventually track the majority of their shipments. To further enhance the supply chain, a new blockchain system from IBM and Maersk aims to manage and track the paper trail of tens of millions of shipping containers, saving valuable time and resources.

Viant, an Ethereum blockchain-based platform for building supply chains partnered with the World Wildlife Fund to track tuna from the moment it’s caught, up until it reaches the shop floor. With the industry rife with corruption and criticism over how the fish are caught, being able to track the process from start to finish on transparent supply chains is a huge step forward to reducing the human and environmental cost of fishing.

What does blockchain mean for ERP?

Because blockchain has the potential to unite a large supply chain network using a decentralised system, by integrating blockchain solutions into an existing ERP system, the two can potentially work together to improve supply chain automation. This means that every company can maintain their own internal ERP system, while joining one rule-enforced blockchain network. In fact, two of the most highly publicised blockchain pilot technologies were implemented by embedding the technology inside ERP systems.

After a two-year pilot project, Walmart announced that it will use blockchain software developed by IBM to help grocers keep track of every head of lettuce or bag of spinach, to reduce the amount of spoiled and contaminated produce on their shelves. As its proof-of-concept, Walmart’s ERP system used blockchain technology to track the journey of a mango in a matter of seconds, from the very tree it was picked, to the packing house, cold storage facility and distribution centre, through to its final destination on the retailer’s shelves.

Looking forward

It’s important to remember that blockchain is an additive technology. It’s not going to replace the need for internal ERP, now or in the future. Instead, ERP systems and blockchain will work together to strengthen the integrity and automation of the supply chain.

The benefits of blockchain technology to streamline the supply chain is resulting in new organisations, standards and pilots with leaders in the industry. Although it may take years to iron out standards and interoperability issues, as blockchain technology matures, ERP systems will be the natural place to use this technology to optimise the supply chain, increasing efficiency, compliance and profitability.

Contributed article by Andres Richter, CEO, Priority Software

Source: https://cryptonewsreview.com/the-building-blocks-of-a-better-supply-chain/

Blockchain

CBDC is a tool to combat Bitcoin, says Bank of Indonesia exec

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Central bank digital currencies (CBDC), digital versions of national currencies introduced in response to growing cryptocurrency adoption, would be an essential tool for combating crypto, according to the Bank of Indonesia.

The central bank of Indonesia is considering launching a digital rupiah to “fight” against cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin (BTC), Bank of Indonesia’s assistant governor Juda Agung said at a recent parliamentary meeting.

“A CBDC would be one of the tools to fight crypto. We assume that people would find CBDC more credible than crypto. CBDC would be part of an effort to address the use of crypto in financial transactions,” Agung stated, according to a Nov. 30 Bloomberg report.

The official noted that cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin are currently traded alongside commodity futures and regulated by the trade ministry despite severe impacts on the financial system.

The news comes shortly after the National Ulema Council (MUI), Indonesia’s top Islamic scholarly body, reportedly found cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin to be haram, or forbidden, by the tenets of Islam. The East Java branch of one of MUI previously issued a statement deeming the use of the cryptocurrency haram in late October.

As previously reported, the Indonesian government has taken a mixed stance on crypto regulation. Despite banning cryptocurrency payments back in 2017, local authorities have opted to keep cryptocurrency trading legal. In April 2021, Indonesia’s Commodity Futures Trading Regulatory Agency (Bappebti) of the Ministry of Trading reportedly announced plans to launch a government-backed crypto exchange in the second half of 2021.

While maintaining a mixed stance on crypto, Indonesian regulators have been increasingly looking at a potential CBDC. In May, the Bank of Indonesia Governor Perry Warjiyo announced plans to launch a digital rupiah as a legal payment instrument in Indonesia.

Related: Retail-focused Singaporean CBDC to hedge against privately issued stablecoins

CBDCs like the Chinese digital yuan are apparently designed to curb cryptocurrency adoption as one of their key features. Indonesia is not alone in thinking that CBDCs can help governments combat crypto. In mid-November, Bank of Russia’s governor Elvira Nabiullina said that CBDCs should serve as a good option for governments to replace decentralized cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin.


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Source: https://cointelegraph.com/news/cbdc-is-a-tool-to-combat-bitcoin-says-bank-of-indonesia-exec

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Binance CEO reveals one key factor for token listings

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The CEO of Binance, the world’s largest cryptocurrency exchange by volume, has disclosed some information on how to get listed on the trading platform.

The most important criteria for listing a cryptocurrency on Binance is the number of users, CEO Changpeng Zhao, also known as “CZ,” said in a Forbes interview on Monday.

CZ went on to say that there are many other factors like the number of active addresses on blockchain, social media audience and code commits. However, the number of users is “the key metric,” he said, adding:

“If a coin has a large number of users, then we will list it. That’s the overwhelming significant attribute. Consider for example meme tokens, even though I personally don’t get it, if it’s used by a large number of users we list it. We go by the community, my opinion doesn’t matter.”

According to Binance’s listing tips from its CEO, the number of users is just one of many factors for listing a token on the crypto exchange. “If you have a large number of users, your product has value. That’s the easiest to measure. Do include the user statistics in the application form. It will help significantly,” the CEO’s statement on Binance listings reads.

According to Sergei Khitrov, founder of crypto listing-focused platform Listing.Help, major crypto exchanges like Binance don’t need to list minor tokens, as they earn mainly from trading volumes rather than listings.

“This is one of the main problems that many projects do not understand. They should start with building a community. And that means not 500 or 10,000 people in a Telegram channel, but a much larger audience,” Khitrov told Cointelegraph. He added that token creators are recommended to start from smaller exchanges.

At the time of writing, Binance supports a total of 346 cryptocurrencies, including major cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin (BTC) and Ether (ETH), as well as popular meme tokens such as Dogecoin (DOGE) and Shiba Inu (SHIB), according to data from CoinGecko. Binance’s daily trading volume is estimated at $28 billion.

In comparison, OKEx, the second-largest crypto exchange by trading volumes, has listed 312 coins and has a trading volume of roughly $7 billion. United States-based crypto exchange Coinbase supports just 123 tokens with a daily trading volume of about $6 billion.

Some major centralized exchanges (CEX) have more tokens listed than Binance does, with Bittrex listing over 450 cryptocurrencies at the time of writing.

Related: Kraken exchange defies competitors’ regulatory concerns with SHIB listing

As opposed to a CEX, decentralized exchanges (DEX) are the world’s biggest platforms in terms of the number of listed cryptocurrencies, as DEXs like PancakeSwap do not require contacting an exchange or asking permission. As such, PancakeSwap, a DEX running on the Binance Smart Chain, has over 3,200 listed tokens, while Uniswap lists over 1,800 cryptocurrencies.

Last month, PancakeSwap listed the Squid Game (SQUID) token, a cryptocurrency scam inspired by the eponymous Netflix show, which posted over 45,000% growth in a few days after launch. The token is listed on Binance-owned crypto website CoinMarketCap, while competitors such as CoinGecko retracted from listing SQUID due to being “most likely a scam.”


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Source: https://cointelegraph.com/news/binance-ceo-reveals-one-key-factor-for-token-listings

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India misinterpreted private crypto ban, says crypto bill creator

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The creator of India’s crypto bill, former Finance Secretary Subhash Garg, dismissed the notion of banning “private cryptocurrencies” as a misinterpretation while highlighting the enormous potential of cryptocurrencies and blockchain technology.

The parliamentary discussions around a controversial crypto bill sparked fears around the ban on cryptocurrencies, with no clear indication about the ban’s scope. As Cointelegraph reported, an episode of panic selling among Indian investors followed the announcement. In an interview with local news channel News 18, Garg clarified:

“[The description of the crypto bill] was perhaps a mistake. It is misleading to say that private cryptocurrencies will be banned and to intimate the government about the same.”

He believes that the Indian government should formulate a bill after discussing it with stakeholders and crypto investors. Furthermore, the bill suggests banning private cryptocurrencies without clarifying what the word “private” stands for.

As a result, the crypto community in India self-interpreted two different versions of the bill’s agenda — one that considers banning all non-government issued cryptocurrencies and the other that excludes cryptocurrencies running on public blockchains such as Bitcoin (BTC) and Ether (ETH).

Garg also pointed out a flaw in classifying cryptocurrencies as assets after underscoring the vast ecosystem powered by disruptive technology. He also said that crypto exchanges have limited interests and do not represent the entire community:

“You don’t classify the wheat that you produce, you don’t classify the clothes you produce, as assets. That is too much of oversimplification to treat this as an asset.”

On an end note, Garg added that the central bank digital currency initiatives, especially in countries such as India, are complex. According to him, the government first needs to address challenges, including the unavailability of smartphones and digital wallet issuance.

Related: Singaporean crypto exchange enters India amid regulatory uncertainty

The Indian crypto market continues to attract international firms, with the latest being Coinstore, a Singaporean crypto exchange. As Cointelegraph reported, Coinstore has allocated a $20-million fund to set up three new offices in the region.

Speaking to Cointelegraph, a Coinstore spokesperson was hopeful for the development of a positive crypto regulatory framework:

“Strict KYC process, security requirement for exchanges, as well as gradual regulation of certain cryptocurrencies naturally protect the Indian users and would clarify the legality of certain cryptocurrencies.”


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Source: https://cointelegraph.com/news/india-misinterpreted-private-crypto-ban-says-crypto-bill-creator

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