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Whole Plant Medicine: Full-Spectrum CBD vs. Broad-Spectrum CBD vs. CBD Isolates



We’ve entered the age of CBD, and for your average person, it’s a confusing one. Every store sells CBD these days, and you may already have an idea of what CBD is. It’s derived from the cannabis plant, and it does not have a high effect like recreational cannabis. Reports show that CBD can help with pain, restlessness, anxiety, depression, seizures, and other ailments. Many people across the world swear by it, and ever since the 2018 Farm Bill Act was passed, the scientific community has been working to find out all the effects and benefits CBD has for patients.

CBD stands for cannabidiol, and it’s the second active ingredient found in the cannabis plant, but it is not psychoactive, unlike its counterpart THC. Buying CBD products are federally legal as long the product has less than 0.3 percent THC in it. It’s quite easy to find it in many convenience stores.

With that all said, there is still a lot to learn about the cannabis and hemp plant. For decades, misinformation and fear-mongering plagued the U.S., and it has only been recently when people are waking up to the plant’s full medical benefits. Learning more about CBD, and cannabis, in general, can help many people learn about all its benefits and help bring in a new age of medicine.

In this post, we’ll look at a few CBD terms: full-spectrum CBD, broad-spectrum CBD, CBD isolates, whole plant medicine and the entourage effect. This short guide will help you make sense of the whole plant medicine and the CBD world. Let’s get started.

What is Whole Plant Medicine?


Whole plant medicine is a term you don’t need to overthink. Whole plant medicine is simply any type of medical marijuana product that uses all of the chemical components and phytocannabinoids found in the cannabis plant.

Phyto-what? A phytocannabinoid is a molecule that plants synthesize. In the cannabis plant, there are over 100 known phytocannabinoids, and they all offer benefits for humans and animals. Two of the most known phytocannabinoids are CBD and THC. We think of THC as that thing that gets us stoned but it has medicinal properties as well, such as more pain relief and anxiety relief.

Whole plant medicine uses it all. Look for the full-spectrum label on a CBD product, because otherwise, you may not be getting all the benefits cannabis can provide.

However, you may need to do a little digging to figure out if the product uses the entire plant or not. The CBD product may be full-spectrum, broad-spectrum or just an isolate.

If you want to take a class or tour about how CBD is made, check out our Hemp CBD Tour in the Denver area.

Full Spectrum CBD vs Broad Spectrum CBD vs CBD Isolates

Most CBD products are labeled as full-spectrum CBD, broad-spectrum CBD or CBD isolates. Each of these CBD products are considered cannabis concentrates so let’s break down these types of CBD so anyone with limited or extensive cannabis knowledge can understand.

CBD Isolates & Crystallines

What are CBD Isolates?

Photo Credit: CBD Distillery

A CBD isolate is any product that only has CBD and none of the other cannabinoids produced by the cannabis or hemp plant. It is considered the purest form of CBD because all other compounds have been removed.

Some CBD isolates come in the form of CBD crystals, CBD powder or CBD crystalline. CBD isolates can be less expensive compared to full-spectrum and may offer some benefits when taken in very high doses, but it doesn’t have the full entourage effect, which you’ll find out more in the last chapter of this article.

How Are CBD Isolates Made?

The CBD isolate process is quite interesting. Using extraction the CBD is removed from the plant, and the manufacturer purifies it for a while. This is to ensure that there is nothing else in the extract except the CBD.

Then, the CBD goes through a chilling process or winterization. This removes any contaminants leftover from the extraction process. All that’s left is pure CBD. It’s a complex process, but it delivers the purest form CBD available.

How to Use CBD Isolates?

You can use CBD powder or CBD crystalline in many ways, such as making edibles or consuming orally as a tincture or soft gel.

You can experiment by making different types of homemade edibles and tinctures, however, it is always recommended to start small. CBD is one of those medicines where a little goes a long way.

If you aren’t feeling any of the benefits from the CBD isolate, you may need a full or broad-spectrum CBD oil product to experience the entourage effect and full medical benefits.

Full-Spectrum CBD

What is Full-Spectrum CBD?

Full-spectrum CBD, or pure spectrum CBD, is any CBD product that contains the all the of cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids and fatty acids found in the entire hemp plant.

This type of CBD has over 100 different cannabinoids and here are a few you should expect; (CBD) Cannabidiol, (THC) Tetrahydrocannabinol, (CBG) Cannabigerol, (CBN) Cannabinol and (CBC) Cannabichromene.

Remember, even though there is THC, the typical hemp plant has very little THC, less than 0.3%.

Because all the cannabinoids are present, users tend to experience what is known as, the entourage effect. This means all the different cannabinoids work together, boosting each cannabinoid effect which creates a product that has improved therapeutic benefits that are more effective than CBD isolated products.

Full-spectrum vs. CBD Isolates

Full-spectrum CBD has all the cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids found in the plant, whereas, CBD isolates are made up of purely 99.9% CBD. So it may be confusing to understand what is best to use when it comes to medicinal properties.

The Lautenberg Center for Immunology and Cancer Research in Israel conducted a study to find the effectiveness of full-plant extracts compared to CBD isolates.

In their summary they state, “In all of the tests, the isolated CBD was ineffective both before and after a certain dosage, while the effectiveness of the full-spectrum solution continued to increase as higher doses were administered. The results all indicate that CBD is only effective against swelling and pain at a certain dose, and that cannabis solution containing a full range of cannabinoids will continue to provide corresponding effects as the dosage is increased.”

They found that full-plant, full-spectrum CBD effectiveness continued to increase as long as the right doses were administered, whereas, CBD isolates were ineffective regardless of the dosage.

How is Full-Spectrum CBD Made?

There are a few ways full-spectrum CBD can be extracted from the hemp plant and this process has evolved over time. Full-spectrum has been known to be extracted by butane, CO2, alcohol, lipid infusion and more. However, because of the rising concern of using a harsh chemical such as butane, propane, and alcohol in cannabis products, these solvents have been used less and less.

Commercial CBD companies use an extraction machine and a process that is pretty straight forward.

Step 1: Add only the flowers

They add only the buds or flowers into the CBD extraction machine because this is where most of the trichomes and critical components house themselves.

Step 2: Decarboxylation process

This is the most fascinating part. Marijuana does not directly make the compounds CBD, THC, CBC or any of the cannabinoids present. The plant synthesizes a range of cannabinoids acids such as CBDA, THCA, THCVA, CBGA, CBCA (and many more) that must be activated through decarboxylation. This is the process of heating up the cannabinoid acids to transform them into the cannabinoids that interact with our endocannabinoid system.

So that’s exactly what the extraction machines does. It uses a combination of heat, pressure and a solvent, such as MCT oil, to pull out all of the phytocannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids and other chemical compounds present in the plant.

Once extracted into the MCT oil, this full-spectrum CBD oil can be used in a number of different products.

How to Use Full-Spectrum CBD?

Full-spectrum CBD usually comes in one of three forms; as a tincture, as a topical or as an oral medication such soft gel tablets.

Unlike most medicine, it’s pretty much impossible to overdose on it. With that said, it’s wise to follow the instructions on the product you’ve bought. It is recommended to the first start consuming in smaller doses, and then work your way up or adjust accordingly. Talk to your doctor if you have any questions or concerns.

If the product contains an ample amount of THC, we encourage you to start small. Everyone handles THC differently, and someone with low tolerance may experience undesirable effects like paranoia or anxiety. Even if the product has very little THC, if you take a lot of it, you may feel some effects, though it will not be nearly as powerful as taking pure cannabis.

Though THC, when taken correctly, can have positive benefits too.

Broad-Spectrum CBD

Photo Credit: Tinnakorn Jorruang, Getty Images

What is Broad-Spectrum CBD?

Broad-spectrum CBD is very similar to full-spectrum as it uses all of the hemp plant’s cannabinoids except for THC which completely removed during the extraction process. If you’re sensitive to THC, or the state you’re in is laying down the law on THC, broad-spectrum CBD is a great way to get the effects you want without the high of THC.

How is Broad-Spectrum CBD Made?

Broad-spectrum CBD oil uses the same extraction method to full-spectrum, but there is an extra step added into the process. After decarboxylation, the extract goes through a chromatography process to separate the THC from the rest of the cannabinoids. The amount of THC content in hemp is almost nonexistent but broad-spectrum makes sure that every single bit is gone.

How to Use Broad-Spectrum CBD?

With broad-spectrum CBD oil, you don’t have to worry about consuming too much CBD, but you should follow the same instructions as the full-spectrum.

Take the smallest recommended amount, and then adjust from there according to how you react. Again, talk to your doctor if you are unsure how much you should take, or whether or not it can benefit you.

The good thing is that it’s impossible to feel any buzz from broad-spectrum because there is no THC in it whatsoever. Those who are sensitive to THC can rejoice at this fact.

The Entourage Effect

Now, let’s talk about the entourage effect definition. The entourage effect meaning is something you may hear thrown around in the CBD circles, but you may not understand what it is.

What is the Entourage Effect?

Photo credit: SatiMedUSA

Simply put, the entourage effect is the idea that whole plant medicine is better than isolates because all of the cannabis compounds and cannabinoids are working together in synergy. The results, a more effective medicine, with an increase in therapeutic benefits to relieve an array of ailments.

With over 100 phytocannabinoids, it is understandable that many people want them all, and not just isolated CBD compound. Here are some examples of what other parts of the cannabis plant may do for you.

Flavonoids: Cannabis flavonoids are called quercetin and they may have anti-inflammatory effects, as well as antiviral and antioxidant.

Terpenes: These molecules are responsible for cannabis’s iconic smell, and terpenes are commonly used in aromatherapy to relieve mood or restlessness. If you want CBD oil with terpenes, look for “terpenes CBD” or “CBD terpenes on the label.”

The cannabis or hemp plant has so many other cannabinoids as well, and as the science on it continues to develop, there may be other benefits found.

Some people may prefer isolates because it’s easier to consume more CBD that way, but the entourage effect is becoming a more popular philosophy. Many cannabis consumers and marketers point out the importance of the entourage effect.

The science on the entourage effect is still out. You can find information online saying it exists, saying it doesn’t exist, or findings that are a little bit in-between. Because the curtain on cannabis study isn’t fully lifted, there is a lot we still don’t know about it.

Besides the entourage effect, CBD science is still unknown. It has different effects on different people, and there is no risk in trying it out for yourself and seeing how it affects you. Chances are, you may find some benefit from taking CBD, be it full or isolated.

Article Recap:

CBD is federally legal as long as the THC content level is under 0.3%.

Whole plant medicine is any type of marijuana product that uses all of the chemical components and phytocannabinoids found in the cannabis plant.

CBD Isolates vs Full-spectrum vs. Broad-spectrum: Full-spectrum CBD has all the cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids found in the plant, whereas, CBD isolates are made up of purely 99.9% CBD. Broad-spectrum CBD oil is the same as full-spectrum except THC is removed.

The entourage effect is the idea that whole plant medicine is better than isolates because all of the cannabis compounds and cannabinoids are working together in synergy.

The post Whole Plant Medicine: Full-Spectrum CBD vs. Broad-Spectrum CBD vs. CBD Isolates appeared first on Colorado Cannabis Tours and 420 Hotels.



TA: Bitcoin Key Indicators Suggest Risk of Extended Downside Correction



Bitcoin price is down over $500 from the $13,850 swing high against the US Dollar. BTC is showing bearish signs and it could even decline below the $13,000 support.

  • Bitcoin failed to stay above the $13,500 support and declined below $13,200.
  • The price is currently consolidating near $13,200 and the 100 hourly simple moving average.
  • There is a key contracting triangle forming with support near $13,220 on the hourly chart of the BTC/USD pair (data feed from Kraken).
  • The pair is likely to resume its decline below $13,200 and $13,100 in the near term.

Bitcoin Price Starts Downside Correction

Bitcoin price traded to a new monthly high at $13,850 before starting a major downside correction. BTC broke the key $13,500 support level to move into a short-term bearish zone.

The decline gained pace below the $13,200 level and the 100 hourly simple moving average. The price even spiked below the $13,000 level and traded as low as $12,899. Recently, there was a recovery wave above the $13,000 and $13,100 levels.

The price traded above the 23.6% Fib retracement level of the recent decline from the $13,850 high to $12,899 low. Bitcoin is currently consolidating near $13,200 and the 100 hourly simple moving average.

Bitcoin Price

There is also a key contracting triangle forming with support near $13,220 on the hourly chart of the BTC/USD pair. If there is a downside break below the triangle support and $13,200, there is a risk of a fresh decline. The next major support is near the $13,000 level.

If the bulls fail to defend the $13,000 support level, it could open the doors for an extended downside correction towards the $12,600 level or $12,500 in the coming sessions.

Upside Break in BTC?

If bitcoin stays above the $13,200 support level, it could clear the triangle resistance near the $13,315 level. The next key resistance is near the $13,375 level. It is close to the 50% Fib retracement level of the recent decline from the $13,850 high to $12,899 low.

The main hurdle for the bulls is near the $13,500 level, above which the price is likely to restart its rally and it could even revisit the $13,850 high.

Technical indicators:

Hourly MACD – The MACD is likely to move into the bearish zone.

Hourly RSI (Relative Strength Index) – The RSI for BTC/USD is now well below the 50 level.

Major Support Levels – $13,200, followed by $13,000.

Major Resistance Levels – $13,315, $13,375 and $13,500.


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MicroStrategy CEO Michael Saylor HODLs $230M Worth Of Bitcoin Privately



Michael Saylor, the founder and CEO of the Nasdaq-listed company MicroStrategy, has revealed that he personally HODLs nearly 18,000 bitcoins.

Additionally, he announced that his company has instituted a new Bitcoin-oriented treasury reserve policy and plans to make further BTC purchases.

Michael Saylor Owns 17,732 Bitcoins

The CEO of MicroStrategy has a somewhat compelling history with Bitcoin. As CryptoPotato reported recently, he said in 2013 that BTC’s days are “numbered.” However, he has completed a one-eighty since then and has been quite bullish on the cryptocurrency in recent months.

The company that he founded more than three decades ago bought a total of 38,250 bitcoins in two batches. This substantial amount represents 0.18% of all bitcoins ever to exist.

Apart from MicroStrategy’s holdings, Saylor disclosed today his own BTC balance.

“Some have asked how much BTC I own. I personally hodl 17,732 BTC, which I bought at $9,882 each on average. I informed MicroStrategy of these holdings before the company decided to buy Bitcoin for itself.” – he tweeted.

To put his Bitcoin holdings into USD perspective, the amount equals $230 million, with BTC’s price trading around $13,000 per coin at the time of this writing.

MicroStrategy’s Bitcoin-Focused Reserve Policy

In a recent interview, Saylor also revealed his company’s Q3 results. Apart from displaying impressive quarterly numbers, MicroStrategy’s CEO announced a compelling new treasury reserve policy that focuses on Bitcoin.

“We have also instituted our new treasury reserve policy, which states that Bitcoin will be the primary treasury reserve asset for the company for capital that exceeds our working capital needs.”

MicroStrategy plans to purchase even more bitcoins as the company generates cash beyond what it needs to run the business of a day-to-day basis.

Millions of (Unrealized) Profit

Having in mind Saylor’s averaged price when he bought his BTC stack, simple math shows that he spent a little over $175 million. As mentioned above, the 17,732 bitcoins now have a value of over $235 million. As such, his profit, should he choose to sell the coins now, would be north of $50 million.

Additionally, a popular cryptocurrency commentator Kevin Rooke brought up similar statistics regarding MicroStrategy’s numbers. He said that the Nasdaq-listed company had earned $78 million in the last three and a half years from their business endeavors. However, if they sell their BTC stack now, their profit will be about $100 million in just two months.

MicroStrategy's Business vs. Bitcoin Profits. Source: Twitter
MicroStrategy’s Business vs. Bitcoin Profits. Source: Twitter

It’s worth noting that to register profit or a financial gain, one has to sell the asset he has previously purchased. Since neither MicroStrategy nor its CEO had actually disclosed selling their Bitcoin holdings, the numbers above provide a hypothetical viewpoint instead of hard numbers.

Featured Image Courtesy of The Business Journals


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Bitcoin to Surpass $20,000 ATH By Early 2021 According to Raul Pal



Former hedge fund manager and CEO of Real Vision, Raoul Pal, believes that the real impact of the COVID-19 pandemic is about to reach the financial markets. By outlining several upcoming cornerstones among traditional financial assets, he highlighted Bitcoin as the “life raft” in this situation.

Raoul Pal: Everything Has Changed

In a recent Twitter thread, the Wall Street veteran outlined the rapidly growing COVID-19 cases worldwide. The total number of infected has neared 45 million, while the death toll is almost 1,2 million.

Pal predicted that these rising numbers in Europe, the US, and Canada are about to “exert economic pressures and extinguish the Hope phase of reflation dreams.” He believes that the upcoming consequences will harm the economy even more than the early 2020 developments. A real economic recovery “will take more than a post-election stimulus in January.”

COVID-19 Cases In Europe. Source: Twitter
COVID-19 Cases In Europe. Source: Twitter

He continued by looking at several markets that have started to feel the adverse consequences and have fallen to long-term support levels. Those included the oil price, Spain’s benchmark stock market index – the IBEX 35, the EU Banks Index, the euro, the British pound, the US dollar, and more.

EU Banks Index. Source: Twitter
EU Banks Index. Source: Twitter

As such, he broached a few possible solutions – “you can buy bonds and dollars, or you can take the life raft – Bitcoin.”

“Or, to dampen the volatility of a risk-off event (we can and will see sharp BTC corrections), you can have all three for a near-perfect portfolio for this phase.” – Pal concluded.

Bitcoin Will Eat The World And Price Predictions From Pal

Pal further highlighted his positive views on Bitcoin by saying the cryptocurrency “will eat the world.” He attributed it to its performance, which is so dominant and so “all-encompassing” that it will “suck in every single asset narrative dry and spit it out.”

“Never before in my career have I seen a trade so dominant that holding any other assets makes almost no sense.”

As far as price predictions go, Pal said that $14,000 is the only resistance left in Bitcoin’s way to the all-time high at $20,000. He expects that BTC should overcome the December 2017 high by “early next year at the latest.”

Additionally, CryptoPotato recently reported an even more optimistic and long-term forecast. By using a regression on the logarithmic chart since inception, Pal brought up a model that sees Bitcoin reaching $1 million by 2025.

Featured Image Courtesy of BusinessInsider


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