Connect with us


Decentraland Lords



[0] Auction Pricing of Location & Scarcity

[0A] — Auction 1

Given that world building is a key part of the Decentraland experience, I wanted to test out whether buyers took into consideration the “hot-spot” location proximity as a motivating factor. Let’s assume that landmarks (the roads, districts, and the genesis block) might serve as these points-of-interest. From the smart contract metadata, we can filter the price paid for parcels by their distance to the different classes of landmarks.

  • Filter parcels by distance to landmark type (road, genesis, district).
  • Map respective location distance as a ratio to the local maximum distance.
  • For instance, in Auction 1, the furthest parcel “distance” to the nearest road was ~60. A parcel with road location “1” is one block from the nearest road, and 1/60th of the maximum distance.
  • The higher the ratio, the further away from the landmark.
  • Calculate the median and average $USD contributed over the location parameter metadata, on log scale.

If proximity to landmarks was considered a driving factor, we would expect to see higher price paid for closer proximity. In other words, the higher the ratio, the less median or average $USD paid. We would expect a decreasing function to see a positive relationship between price paid for proximity. From Auction 1, we can eye-ball the linear trendlines for higher signal.

[0B] — Auction 2

If we were to run the same analysis for Auction 2, there is almost no relation between the location and price for all three landmarks. Yet, we see that the prices paid in Auction 2 versus Auction 1 are consistently higher for all location parameters across the landmarks. One reason could be the perceived scarcity of $LAND assets; another reason could be the project’s timing and execution risk priced into the assets (a full year of development and market activity).

[1] Marketplace Pricing of Location & Scarcity

While most of auctioned parcels (~90%) have not touched the marketplace, we can look at the marketplace to observe emergent behavior of the property assets values. Specifically, the buyer’s behavior might inform an assumption of his/her’s expectation of land value features.

We can cut this metadata in two ways:

  • Filter traded parcels by # of times traded on the marketplace (turnover).
  • Filter parcels by the price multiple relative to its auction price to infer perceived market value.

[1A] Turnover

One take-away from observing the turnover behavior is that $LAND parcels purchased on the secondary marketplace tended to be clustered. We also observe that parcels that were traded with high turnover often were within these cluster proximities.

Turnover Rate of $LAND Parcels

[1B]: Pricing Multiples

From the pricing filter, we can observe that the highest priced multiples (10x and above auction price) belonged to parcels that had relatively low turnover. This could imply that whales (or $LAND lords) perceived these parcels to be underpriced and followed a uniform pricing to inform their bids.

Pricing Multiples for $LAND Parcels

[1C]: Location

If we overlay the Decentraland atlas, we begin to see that the clusters form near the edges of landmarks. This might belie the purchaser’s expectation, from a UX perspective, that a user might begin by exploring the landmarks, and then venture into adjacent $LAND neighborhoods/parcels.

Turnover on Atlas
Pricing Multiple on Atlas

[2] Estate Pricing of Location & Scarcity

Estates refer to $LAND parcels that are adjacent to each other and aggregated as a single collection. The idea is that owning or building on an estate is like owning a small neighborhood — allowing the ability to create city-like experiences. Not surprisingly, the value of estates exhibit a positive linear relationship to its size.

$USD vs Estate Size

What about the marginal value of additional $LAND to an estate? Not so much…

  • Estate Price: Filter estates by size and calculate average price per parcel.
  • Base Price: Calculate the price of those individual parcels as the maximum of either the primary auction value or secondary market value.
  • Calculate the median of the premiums.

[2A]: $LAND Flipping

One early hypothesis before the analysis was that buyers would purchase adjacent $LAND parcels, aggregate them into estates, and then sell the estate. Interestingly, the data below shows that this behavior is true for market participants in the auction. We see that most estates sold were not comprised of parcels that were bought on the marketplace, implying that buyers bought these parcels $LAND originally in the primary, then flipped them as estates once the feature became available.

Estates vs $LAND Turnover
Estates vs $LAND Pricing Multiples

Although only a few estates are comprised of $LAND assets purchased on the secondary markets, Section [1B] may hint that buyers have formed estates that have not been sold in the secondary markets yet. It could be that these estate owners are waiting for the market to react to actual construction and building of these interactive environments before selling the $LAND estates.

[2B]: Estate Free Riding

In the estate diagrams, we see that there are many instances of individual parcels bought adjacent to estates. Although a more rigorous timeline analysis is required to dive deeper, it is likely valuable to own $LAND next to an estate, similar to the logic of sitting adjacent to a landmark.

The market behavior shown in this analysis assumes some expectation from the $LAND owners about the future usage and utility of their parcels (similar to many public token projects). The uniqueness of the Decentraland analysis is the attempt to understand NFT feature-specific variables that might drive different valuation characteristics from other fungible crypto assets. At a high-level these features boil down to proximity and size.

Decentraland is meant to be an interactive experience. With the builder tools imminent to launch, it will be interesting to track how $LAND owners will actually make their assets productive (building, leasing, buying adjacent, selling).We may see over time whether these land owners used their land productively or simply waited for favorable speculation. The findings could inform whether the distribution of $LAND via auction went to those who could most efficiently make use of the land (and thus bring utility and value to Decentraland), rather than rent-seekers, speculators or wealth-parkers.

As in most crypto use-cases, while enforceability of scarcity is strongly guaranteed, the parameters of scarcity are not perpetually fixed. In the case of $LAND, unlike real world estates, virtual world scarcity is not bounded by physics. Decentraland is an attempt to iterate on this idea. This may change over time via the usage of $MANA (largely ignored in this analysis) as a governance token for the Decentraland economy, which may eventually be used to vote on proposals related to scarcity and utility such as increasing the size of the map or the dimensions of parcels (re: the conundrum of governance…)

In virtual worlds we are collectively building an entertainment society in a vacuum minus the long-standing social and economic driving forces that create environments like NYC. Yet, we are all participating in the generation-long experimental phase of new incentives and environments, and so though Decentraland will take time to build as its own, we can at least track the utility in real-time. How long until my Decentraland estate gets gentrified?

All data was sourced via the $LAND smart contracts and on 2019–02–28.






Continue Reading


Binance Might Delist Many Low-Volume Coins Soon, CZ Hints



Binance is the world’s largest cryptocurrency exchange by means of daily trading volumes. In the few short years since its launch, the venue went on to become a leading company in the industry.

In fact, launching coins up for trade on the exchange has created the so-called “Binance Effect.” In short, when a cryptocurrency is selected and launched for trading on the platform, its price usually undergoes a substantial surge.

Now, the CEO of Binance, Changpeng Zhao, has hinted that it may start delisting low-volume coins.

Low-Volume Coins May Kiss Binance Goodbye

In an interesting Twitter thread, a popular cryptocurrency analyst and trader RookieXBT suggested delisting all coins on Binance that “do less than 10 BTC of daily volume.”

Expectedly or not, the CEO of the exchange engaged in the thread, providing a hint that they might consider doing so.

“I think it is a good idea. If you are on Binance and still have no volume, then…” – Said CZ, perhaps hinting that there’s something inherently wrong with coins listed on Binance and failing to generate big daily volume.

Naturally, there are two sides to this debate. Some users think that the merits of a coin shouldn’t be valued based on the volumes it generates on cryptocurrency exchanges. People argue that they hold a coin for the long-term and don’t really care about the daily volume.

This is most definitely true. The inherent merits of a cryptocurrency are most definitely not associated with it being listed on a certain exchange, be it Binance. So, a logical question pops – why would someone care if the coin is listed or not, presuming they are “in it for the technology”? And this is where things take a twist.

The Other Side of the Story

At this point, it becomes rather clear that this particular narrative doesn’t stand on solid ground because people are obviously concerned about the price, perhaps even more so than the technology itself.

If an investor is holding a cryptocurrency for the long run, it being listed on Binance shouldn’t make a difference. But that’s usually not the case – people are rarely “in it for the technology” despite what they might claim.

The main concern is that if Binance decides to delist low-volume cryptocurrencies en-masse, this might cause a larger upset in the market because of the “Binance Effect.”

As we mentioned before, when a cryptocurrency is listed on Binance, it usually goes through a substantial increase. However, the opposite is also true. Last year, the exchange delisted Bitcoin SV, and it tanked more than 10% on the news. That’s just one example.

In any case, there’s no formal confirmation, and it remains interesting to see whether the exchange will really start delisting coins based on low volumes.

Featured image courtesy of Medium


Binance Futures 50 USDT FREE Voucher: Use this link to register & get 10% off fees and 50 USDT when trading 500 USDT (limited offer).


Continue Reading


Fidelity’s Crypto Subsidiary Targets Asian Investors To Buy Bitcoin



  • Fidelity Digital Asset Services (FDAS) has partnered with Stack Funds to enable Asian investors to purchase and store cryptocurrency assets more freely and securely. 
  • Based in Singapore, Stack Funds is a regulated fund manager focusing on Bitcoin and other digital assets.
  • According to the Bloomberg report, Stack Funds will make Fidelity’s secure custody services available to its clients, primarily based in Asia. The company outlined that the Asian market has been continuously growing in demand towards the cryptocurrency industry, especially from high-net-worth investors and family offices.
  • Stack further explained that all assets under its management will be audited monthly. The firm will provide insurance coverage, weekly contributions, and redemptions to enhance capital security.  
  • Stack’s co-founder, Michael Collett, said that Fidelity’s involvement will enable its company to attract even more investors from the region. 
  • On the other hand, Christopher Tyrer, head of Fidelity Digital Assets Europe, believes that “there’s a critical need for platforms which have a deep understanding of what local and regional investors are looking for.” However, he admitted that the digital asset space has “historically lacked” such platforms. 
  • After its success in the US, Fidelity Digital Assets expanded its cryptocurrency services to Europe last year. The company aims at entering the Asian market as well now with the Stack Funds partnership. 

Binance Futures 50 USDT FREE Voucher: Use this link to register & get 10% off fees and 50 USDT when trading 500 USDT (limited offer).


Continue Reading